KOHN, ABRAHAM (1807–1848), Austrian rabbi and maskil. Born in Zálužany, Bohemia, he became a disciple of naphtali herz homberg in Prague. After serving as rabbi in Hohenems, in 1844 he became a preacher in Lemberg (LVOV), where he was known as an extremist maskil in his conduct and religious outlook. Appointed district rabbi, Kohn headed the reform movement and propagated its ideas throughout Galicia. Kohn also attempted to influence the authorities to prohibit Jews from wearing their traditional dress and observing traditional customs, and, in particular, to act against the existence of the ḥadarim. He founded a modern Jewish school in LVOV modeled on German Haskalah lines. In 1846, he founded a Reform temple, thus aggravating the dissension of the Orthodox sector whose representatives opposed him unremittingly. Kohn gave the impetus to press for abolition of the kasher meat tax and candle tax, in connection with which he traveled with a special delegation to Vienna in order to submit a petition to the emperor. His leading opponent, jacob naphtali herz bernstein , tried to obtain Kohn's dismissal from the office of district rabbi. A number of attempts were made to humiliate him and also to assault him. After Kohn and his son died from food poisoning, murder was suspected. An investigation was ordered by the authorities, and the leaders of the Orthodox sector, Bernstein and Hirsh Orenstein, were arrested. After a time, both were released for lack of evidence. Kohn published textbooks; his sermons were published by his son Jacob (in Jeshurun, 1856). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Kohn, Leben und Wirken Abr. Kohn (1885); N.M. Gelber, in: EG, 4 (Sefer Lwow, 1956), 231, 235ff.; J.L. Tenenbaum, Galitsye Mayn Alte Heym (1952). (Moshe Landau)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kohn, Abraham — (1807 48)    Ukrainian rabbi. He was born in Bohemia, and served as a rabbi in Hohenems. In 1844 he became a preacher in Lemberg, where his reforms aroused the opposition of Orthodox Jews. When he and his son died from food poisoning, Orthodox… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Kohn, Kohn & Colapinto — Kohn, Kohn Colapinto, a Washington, D.C. law firm specializing in employment law, represents whistleblowers in the United States. Washingtonian Magazine , in its December 2004 issue, named the firm the top whistleblower within the Beltway. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham of Augsburg — (died November 21, 1265) was a German proselyte to Judaism; died a martyr s death. He seems to have adopted his new faith with such enthusiasm that he publicly assailed Christianity and attacked images of the saints, for which he was sentenced to …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Kohn — Rabbi Abraham Kohn (born Jan. 1, 1807, Zaluzan, Bohemia; died at Lemberg, Galicia, Sept. 7, 1848) was a Reform Jew that was the Chief Rabbi of Lemberg, and who was allegedly poisoned to death. In 1828, he entered the University of Prague, where… …   Wikipedia

  • David Kohn — David Kohn, également appelé David Kahana ou Kogan, est un érudit du judaïsme du XIXe siècle (1838 1915). Éléments biographiques Il naît à Odessa et reçoit une éducation rabbinique, mais à l âge de quatorze ans, il entreprend en outre l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • David Kohn — (1838 1915) was a Russian archaeologist and Hebrew writer. He was born at Odessa and received a rabbinic education, but at the age of fourteen he took up the study of medieval literature and modern languages, and soon afterward, history and… …   Wikipedia

  • HAMBURG, ABRAHAM BENJAMIN — (Wolf; 1770–1850), German talmudic scholar. Hamburg was born in Fuerth and studied at the yeshivah of R. Meshullam Solomon Kohn, the chief rabbi of Fuerth. He succeeded his teacher as head of the yeshivah, and in 1820 was appointed moreh ẓedek (… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BERLIN, ARYEH LOEB BEN ABRAHAM MEIR — (1738–1814), German rabbi. Berlin, the younger brother of , was born in Fuerth where his father, a well to do merchant, was communal leader of Franconian Jewry. Like his brother, he was appointed dayyan in Fuerth but Aryeh Loeb was at the same… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wolf Hamburg — Abraham Benjamin (Avraham Binyamin) Wolf Hamburg (* 24. Januar 1770 in Fürth; † 1850) war ein deutscher Rabbiner und Talmudist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation — This list of Nobel laureates by university affiliation shows the university affiliation (either as a student, alumnus or faculty) of winners of the Nobel Prize. Universities are listed in order of number of affiliated Nobel Prize winners, from… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.